An arrest for driving while intoxicated (DWI) in Texas will inevitably lead to a number of court appearances. You should be aware that the legal process in a DWI case could be quite lengthy and there could be a number of difficult hearings for you to attend.
Not every DWI case will go to trial, but most cases will still have to work their way through the court system to become finalized. Chances are good that your attorney will be negotiating with a prosecutor throughout the court process to try and get your criminal charges reduced or dismissed, and these negotiations can often take several months.
DWI Court Appearances Defense Lawyer in Plano, Allen, Frisco, and McKinney, TX
If you have been arrested for a DWI in Plano, or any of the surrounding areas in Texas, including Allen, Anna, Blue Ridge, Carrollton, Celina, Copeville, Dallas, Fairview, Farmersville, Frisco, Garland, Josephine, Lavon, Lowry Crossing, Lucas, McKinney, Melissa, Murphy, Nevada, New Hope, Parker, Princeton, Prosper, Richardson, Royse City, Sachse, Saint Paul, Van Alstyne, Weston, or Wylie, contact the Law Offices of Richard C. McConathy. Our firm has decades of experience handling drunk driving cases.
Attorney Richard McConathy will help you through all crucial phases of the DWI trial process and make every effort to fight the allegations against you. Contact the Law Offices of Richard C. McConathy at (469) 304-3422 about your DWI charges.
Immediately After a DWI Arrest
Upon being arrested for DWI, you are usually taken to a local jail for booking and processing. Generally, within 48 hours of an arrest, an alleged offender should be brought before a magistrate judge to have their bond set. They are released from jail once their bail bond has been paid.
The next step will usually be to request an administrative license revocation hearing (ALR) within 15 days of an arrest. Requesting this hearing allows you to continue driving until the date of the hearing.
Your license will remain suspended if you do not prevail at the hearing, but you may still qualify to apply for an occupational license. With this license, you would be able to drive to work, do school-related functions, and perform routine household chores.
After that, a person will need to be ready to attend several different hearings.
Arraignment or First Appearance for DWI
An arraignment is the first appearance in court following a DWI arrest. This hearing is generally set to occur within about 60 days of an arrest.
This hearing will also be your attorney’s first chance to talk to the prosecutor and begin gathering evidence, such as video from the dashcam or any relevant police reports. An alleged offender is required to appear at this hearing.
Formally, an arraignment is where the charges against you are read in open court and then you are asked to enter a plea. In virtually all cases, alleged offenders plead not guilty at this phase of the process.
When the alleged offender returns to court, they begin attending announcement settings. The purpose of these hearings is for the alleged offender to announce whether they are ready to enter a plea or set the case for trial.
The first announcement setting is typically 20 to 30 days after a first appearance. The second announcement setting is typically 20 to 30 days after the first announcement setting. The purpose of the announcement setting is to announce to the court whether an alleged offender is ready to enter a plea in a DWI case or ready to set a case for trial.
Different courts have different attendance requirements for these settings. An attorney can advise you if you need to appear in the announcement settings.
Within a few weeks of the arraignment, the next stage of the DWI court process is called the pretrial conference. An attorney could file any one of a number of motions during these hearings.
Some of the motions may include:
- Motion to suppress, requesting certain evidence be excluded
- Motion for discovery, usually to force prosecutors to turn over evidence
- Motion to recuse a judge
- Motion to dismiss based on lack of sufficient evidence, jurisdiction, or other grounds
- Motion for discovery if the prosecution objected to turning over certain evidence
- Pitches motion to discover prior misconduct by arresting officer
- Motion to suppress evidence such as illegally obtained admissions, unlawful search, and seizure, failure by the prosecution to provide certain documents or other evidence
- Motion for change of venue
- Motion to obtain preserved blood or urine sample for testing
At the pretrial conference, the prosecutor will generally offer a plea arrangement. In regards to a plea agreement, the prosecutor is usually seeking some kind of guilty plea and the terms that are negotiated will relate to the punishment for the offense.
First DWI offenses are much more likely to be granted lenient terms of punishment than people who have been arrested multiple times for DWI. This is usually just the first step in a lengthy series of negotiations between a criminal defense lawyer and the prosecutor.
If you decide to take a plea deal after consulting with your attorney, you will usually plead guilty and accept the terms of the prosecutor’s agreement at the plea setting. Very few plea agreements involve any plea other than guilty.
Before agreeing to a plea deal, an attorney will review all of the evidence to make sure there are no holes in the prosecution’s case. The goal is to dismiss criminal charges and avoid having to plead guilty or take the case to trial. When dismissal is not possible, accepting a plea deal may be the best option.
When a plea deal is rejected, then a trial will usually be the next step. Prosecutors in DWI cases are generally trying to avoid trials because they can be very time-consuming manners to deal with and also involve the risk of losing a case.
A DWI trial could go one of two ways. On the one hand, there is the chance that you are able to prove that you were innocent or that the prosecutor does not have enough evidence to convict you, and the case ends without you having to serve any kind of punishment.
On the other hand, a DWI trial could also end with a finding of guilt which means that you will be subject to whatever punishments the court decides to levy. There are numerous factors that can impact how a DWI trial plays out, so every case is different. One person can easily have a completely different experience than somebody else who had a very similar arrest circumstance.
Most DWI trials involve testimony from the arresting officer and officer or technician who administered the blood, breath, or urine test if drugs were involved. The defense lawyer may or may not have an alleged offender testify and, if a chemical test is at issue, could retain an expert to also testify.
The stages of a jury trial include:
- Motions in Limine
- Jury selection
- Opening statements
- Prosecutor presents the case with testimonial and documentary evidence
- Defense cross-examines witnesses
- When the prosecution rests, the defense may make a motion to dismiss
- Defense may present evidence such as putting the alleged offender on the stand and offering an expert in chemical analysis
- Rebuttal testimony by prosecution
- Defense rests
- Closing arguments by both prosecution and defense
- Reading of instructions to the jury
- Jury deliberates and delivers the verdict
Some DWI cases could result in a hung jury, meaning that the 12 jurors were not able to reach the same verdict. In such cases, the prosecutor will have to decide whether to re-try the case or negotiate another plea agreement.
Collin County Resources for DWI Court Appearances
Driving Under the Influence – Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT) ― Visit this website of TxDOT to learn more about DWI offenses in the state. You can find information about what is considered legally intoxicated, DWI penalties, and drunk driving cases involving child passengers. There is also information about open container laws and links to different safety campaigns.
Arrest, arraignment, indictment, trial: How does Texas’ justice system work? ― View an article from the Dallas Morning News that details the entire DWI process in Texas. The article covers the initial arrest, appearances before the judge, and charges being filed. There is also information about the arraignment, bail or bond hearings, plea negotiations, the alleged offender’s rights, and the trial.
Find A Collin County Attorney for DWI Court Appearances | Law Offices of Richard C. McConathy
Contact the Law Offices of Richard C. McConathy today for a consultation about your arrest for DWI in Collin County in Texas. Richard McConathy is an experienced DWI trial attorney in Dallas who will make every effort to find applicable defenses in your particular case to have your charges reduced or even dismissed.
Contact the Law Offices of Richard C. McConathy right now at (469) 304-3422 or contact us online for a free consultation about your DUI arrest throughout Collin County in Texas and the surrounding counties of Denton County, Wise County, Kaufman County, Dallas County, Grayson County, Rockwall County, Johnson County, Ellis County, and Parker County.